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PostHeaderIcon What is "Rigorous Instruction"?

Recently, much emphasis has been placed on the “3 R’s of the 21st Century“. These new “3 R’s”, of course, are Relationships, Relevance, and Rigor. I think we can all understand the necessity of developing Relationships (not only with our students, but also with our co-workers), and we can all recognize how important Relevance is to our young learners…but what is more Rigorous Instruction? It certainly does not mean ‘teaching harder’, as teachers are already working hard.
How do you define Rigor in your classroom?

  • Critical Thinking and Reasoning Skills
  • Problem Solving Skills
  • Expecting students to analyze, evaluate, critique, synthesize, communicate, and create new knowledge
  • Expecting students to manage and direct their own learning.

Check out this video that directly speaks to this:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fsRM5mGchoE

Also, here’s the chart of “Bloom’s Taxonomy Verbs” that is referenced in the video. TRy them in your class today!

Bloom’s Taxonomy Verbs

When developing curriculum for your class, keep this list nearby. This will help you determine the level of response you are anticipating from your students.

Knowledge
Count, Define, Describe, Draw, Find, Identify, Label, List, Match, Name, Quote, Recall, Recite, Sequence, Tell, Write
Comprehension
Conclude, Demonstrate, Discuss, Explain, Generalize, Identify, Illustrate, Interpret, Paraphrase, Predict, Report, Restate, Review, Summarize, Tell
Application
Apply, Change, Choose, Compute, Dramatize, Interview, Prepare, Produce, Role-play, Select, Show, Transfer, Use
Analysis
Analyze, Characterize, Classify, Compare, Contrast, Debate, Deduce, Diagram, Differentiate, Discriminate, Distinguish, Examine, Outline, Relate, Research, Separate,
Synthesis
Compose, Construct, Create, Design, Develop, Integrate, Invent, Make, Organize, Perform, Plan, Produce, Propose, Rewrite
Evaluation
Appraise, Argue, Assess, Choose, Conclude, Critic, Decide, Evaluate, Judge, Justify, Predict, Prioritize, Prove, Rank, Rate, Select,

5 Responses to “What is "Rigorous Instruction"?”

  • Stephanie Teri says:

    The idea of rigor is not new, but definitely it has been getting more attention these days. I liked your comment about not working harder..in my opinion rigor is more about working smarter. If you design a rigorous lesson you are creating one that gradually releases responsiblity to the learner. Ultimately, the child should develop a self-sustaining, extending system of learning. I like the reference to Blooms as well. In my experience, children need to flow in and out of these levels using materials and concepts that are appropriate to them. It is not a staircase as we once thought, but a series of challenges for students meet. Recently, Blooms has been revise. I have included a link to a website that provides the new verbage. http://www.kurwongbss.eq.edu.au/thinking/Bloom/blooms.htm
    Thank you for sharing.

  • Dr. Daryl Chesley - Director of Instruction says:

    Thanks Stephanie. The link you’ve provided is great; it would definately be a good idea for a teacher to print the one-page “Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy” poster and post that in their classrooms.

  • Stephanie Teri says:

    Thank you for sharing this with us. Rigor is not a new idea, but has definitely been getting more attention recently. I appreciate the comment about not working harder. To me, rigor is about working smarter. It is about the gradual release of responsibility from the teacher to the learner. Ultimately, the goal should be to develop a self-sustained, extending system of learning within the child.
    I also appreciated the reference to Blooms. In my experience Bloom is no longer viewed as a the stair steps we once thought, but now is a series of challenges presented to learners within appropriate materials and concepts. All children should be given opportunities to reach the higher levels. Recently Bloom’s has been revised. I have included a link with the new verbiage below. http://projects.coe.uga.edu/epltt/index.php?title=Bloom%27s_Taxonomy

  • Stephanie Teri says:

    Sorry, I didn’t realize my first response had posted. :)

  • Elizabeth Dominguez says:

    Lauren Sabol (HM), Alexis Harvey (JM) and I(HM) have been attending a PD that talks about the “New Blooms” and how it can be used in the classrooms with ESL students. Please feel free to contact any of us and we will be glad to share what we have learned.

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